Bailong Xiao's group published ‘Astrocytic Piezo1-mediated mechanotransduction determines adult neurogenesis and cognitive functions’ in Neuron

Date:2022-08-12

Highlights

•Piezo1 mediates mechanically evoked Ca2+ responses and ATP release in astrocytes

•Astrocytic deletion of Piezo reduces hippocampal volume and brain weight

•Astrocytic Piezo1 affects ATP-dependent adult neurogenesis in vivo and in vitro

•Astrocytic Piezo1 is necessary and sufficient in promoting LTP and learning and memory

 

Adult brain activities are generally believed to be dominated by chemical and electrical transduction mechanisms. However, the importance of mechanotransduction mediated by mechano-gated ion channels in brain functions is less appreciated. Here, we show that the mechano-gated Piezo1 channel is expressed in the exploratory processes of astrocytes and utilizes its mechanosensitivity to mediate mechanically evoked Ca2+ responses and ATP release, establishing Piezo1-mediated mechano-chemo transduction in astrocytes. Piezo1 deletion in astrocytes causes a striking reduction of hippocampal volume and brain weight and severely impaired (but ATP-rescuable) adult neurogenesis in vivo, and it abolishes ATP-dependent potentiation of neural stem cell (NSC) proliferation in vitro. Piezo1-deficient mice show impaired hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) and learning and memory behaviors. By contrast, overexpression of Piezo1 in astrocytes sufficiently enhances mechanotransduction, LTP, and learning and memory performance. Thus, astrocytes utilize Piezo1-mediated mechanotransduction mechanisms to robustly regulate adult neurogenesis and cognitive functions, conceptually highlighting the importance of mechanotransduction in brain structure and function.

 

 

Paper Link:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2022.07.010